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On Sunday, December 10, the Nobel Committee will award the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).

An Iran Agreement Has Been Reached!

Posted by Theresa Shaffer on July 15, 2015

President Obama released the details of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) today in a statement from the White House. He began by quoting former President John F. Kennedy during the Cold War, at a time when negotiations were required to prevent nuclear annihilation.

"Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate."

Fifty years later, this quote still holds true, yet our fear has transformed into a fear that nuclear weapons will spread to more and more countries.

President Obama went on to describe how this agreement has stopped the spread of nuclear weapons in the Middle East. In summary, with this agreement all four pathways to the bomb will be blocked.

Here are some of the details:

  • The time it would take for Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon will increase from the current estimate of 2-3 months to at least one year.
  • Iran will be unable to produce weapons-grade uranium or plutonium.
  • Iran will remove 2/3 of its centrifuges, and it won’t use advanced centrifuges to produce enriched uranium for the next decade.
  • Iran's uranium enrichment will be capped at 3.67% for 15 years. The minimum amount of enrichment needed to build a basic nuclear weapon is 20% - for more advanced nuclear weapons 90% or more is needed.
  • Uranium research and development will be limited to the Natanz facility for 15 years. No enrichment will take place at the Fordow facility.
  • Iran will get rid of 98% of its stockpile of enriched uranium. This stockpile limitation will last 15 years.
  • Iran will modify the core reactor of Arak so that it can’t produce weapons-grade plutonium. No new hard-water reactors are allowed to be built.
  • Iran has agreed to ship spent fuel from the Arak reactor out of the country for the lifetime of the reactor – at least 15 years.
  • The embargo against the sale of conventional weapons to Iran will remain in place for 5 years and the embargo against the sale of ballistic missiles to Iran will remain in place for 8 years.
  • IAEA inspectors will have 24/7 access for inspections of Iran's key nuclear facilities. Inspectors will be able to access any suspicious locations and will have access where necessary, when necessary. Some inspections will be in place for 25 years.
  • IAEA will have access to Iran's entire nuclear supply chain – uranium mines and mills, conversion facilities, centrifuge manufacturing and storage facilities, ensuring Iran isn't able to divert materials from known facilities to covert ones. This arrangement is permanent.
  • IAEA has been given access to complete the investigation into "Past Military Dimensions of Iran's nuclear research."
  • Iran is prohibited from pursuing a nuclear weapon under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
  • The agreement has no "sunset" clause.
  • In exchange for completing key new steps, Iran will receive phased sanctions relief from the United States and the United Nations.
  • If Iran violates the agreement, United Nations sanctions will automatically snap back for a decade with the possibility of re-imposing sanctions for another 5 years, if necessary.
  • If Iran violates any aspect of the agreement, U.S. and European Union sanctions snap back into place.

This is clearly a major victory for diplomacy, however the battle is not yet entirely won. The U.S. Congress now has 60 days to review the agreement and decide whether to approve or disapprove of it. Millions of dollars have been spent in negative ad campaigns pressuring legislators to disapprove of a deal that they haven’t even seen yet, which is why we need your help. Please contact your representative and tell them to support diplomacy with Iran. Without an agreement in place, this could result in yet another crisis in the Middle East, or even new nuclear-armed states in the region. Tell your representative that diplomacy is the best option.

Comments

Patricia Kearns said ..

Thanks to John Kerry for all his hard work on this deal.

July 29, 2015
nancy auker said ..

thank you. thank you. thank you. thank you. thank you.

July 28, 2015
Thomas Guaraldi said ..

this is the saddest agreement in US history,and i am deeply sadden that PSR cannot see that! This is on the same par the Neville Chamberlain did with Hitler!,Appeasement! Iran has a history of terror,human rights abuse,and we are helping them as well as Funding them with 3.2 Billion usa tax dollars added to this deal! to kill American troops! They have a history of disrespecting their word-their culture supports them lying in the koran,they claim. You Doctors will be treating the victims of the Nukes the terror groups will have access to and the American troops that have to clean up the mess from the insane deal! They did in WW2,they will again with this deal!-Hell even many educated Arab nations know that Iran cannot be trusted!-The world warned about a deal with North Korea-we did not listen-then play with their nukes and the world holds it's breath! Iran will not play!-they will allow small yield devices to go out with the terror groups and we will see the results of this wrong deal! Sadly it will take the future to show this is bad-and that giving our enemy,3.2 billion on top of this deal is dead wrong! Congress needs to Stop this deal! as Chamberlain learned to late! and over 8 million innocent deaths later,you cannot appease Evil!

July 28, 2015
Daniel Kerlinsky MD said ..

To stall the atom bomb we are helping Iran towards the H-bomb. Iran won't have to hide research towards producing thermonuclear warheads under this agreement. It will be done - with help from Russian and Chinese nuclear physicists - under Annex III. Iran gets help with neutron science, plasma physics, computer modeling of fission and research on nuclear fusion.  Finally, read page 146 if you think Iran has given up plans to produce hollow-pit, boosted two stage thermonuclear weapons. page 146 of the agreement: "The Joint Committee will: "Review and approve in advance, upon request by Iran, the design, development, fabrication, acquisition, or use for non-nuclear purposes of multi-point explosive detonation systems suitable for a nuclear explosive device and explosive diagnostic systems (streak cameras, framing cameras and flash x-ray cameras) suitable for the development of a nuclear explosive device..."

July 28, 2015
JoAnna Bisson said ..

This agreement is historic and a positive step in the right direction, but the world would be far safer if the U.S. Had to give up some of their nuclear capabilities, and the region would be a whole lot safer if Israel had to give up theirs.

July 15, 2015

Comments closed.