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  • Sanctions Hurt Iranians Who Need Help
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on August 6, 2009

    The Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act of 2009, or 'the Berman Bill,' after the original sponsor in the House of Representatives Howard Berman (D-CA), now has a place in the Senate (S.908) with support from 21 Senators. The Bill looks to push Iran into further isolation from the international community by cutting its oil and gas trade off. Isolating Iran will spur more illegal trade in Iran, increase the threat Iran perceives from the West and give the nation more of a reason to build a nuclear weapon as a security assurance. Read more »
    1 comment(s)

  • Gibbs backs off on Iran Gaffe
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo and Laicie Olson on August 5, 2009

    August 4, to the shock of Iran experts, White House spokesperson Robert Gibbs said that President Obama recognized Iran’s contested election of President Ahmadinejad, but then retracted the statement. When asked point blank August 4 if the administration recognized Ahmadinejad as the legitimate President of Iran, Gibbs responded that “He [Ahmadinejad] is the elected leader.” Read more »

  • Congress to Hurt Iranian Reform Movement
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo and Laicie Olson on August 4, 2009

    With two Iran Amendments to the $679.8 billion National Defense Authorization Act and one to the $33.3 billion Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, Congress looks to grasp some oversight on U.S.-Iran policy. As Iran’s political stability after its June 2009 elections continues to deteriorate, these proposed actions could hurt the reformist movement that Congress would like to support. Congress should instead hold off on taking action until it is clear who will ultimately hold power in Iran for the long term. Read more »
    2 comment(s)

  • “Watered Down” Kyl Amendment Passes
    Posted by Laicie Olson on July 31, 2009

    Late in the evening on July 23rd, the Senate passed a new, slightly weaker, version of Senator Jon Kyl’s (R-AZ) Amendment (S.1760). Kyl-lite, you could say. The new amendment requires the President to report on the Administration’s plans to “enhance the safety, security, and reliability” of the United States nuclear weapons stockpile, modernize the nuclear weapons complex, and maintain nuclear weapons delivery systems. Read more »

  • France-Pakistan Nuclear Deal in Play
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on July 24, 2009

    Bad news today, France agreed to a nuclear deal with Pakistan. France is claiming that the deal will be limited to nuclear safety. They are also claiming that this is the beginning of a civil nuclear partnership, and more could come when French President Sarkozy visits Pakistan at the end of the year. Pakistan is home to Abdul Qadeer Khan, who after building Pakistan’s bomb sold secrets and nuclear bomb making technology to Iran, North Korea and Libya. Read more »

  • Current Happenings on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
    Posted by Edward Ifft, PhD on July 8, 2009

    June 10-12 over 500 delegates from about 80 countries gathered at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna for the International Scientific Studies Conference (ISS09). The participants were mainly scientists, many of them world-leaders in their fields, and their purpose was to examine the technologies relevant to the verification regime of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). Read more »
    1 comment(s)

  • Moscow Summit: Reestablishing U.S. Leadership on Nuclear Nonproliferation
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on July 6, 2009

    Nuclear weapons proliferation and nuclear terrorism pose a grave threat to the United States and the world. At the Moscow Summit today Russian President Medvedev and President Barack Obama committed to a follow-on agreement to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty I (START) to be concluded by December, 2009. This new treaty will reduce U.S and Russian nuclear warheads and delivery vehicles, and will require verification of these reductions. Read more »

  • Japanese Ambassador to Direct IAEA
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on July 2, 2009

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) finally agreed on a new director general, Japanese Ambassador Yukiya Amano. The IAEA is a crucial body in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) regime that ensures that non nuclear weapon states do not use nuclear energy technology for weapons. Read more »

  • New IAEA Director General Picked
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on July 2, 2009

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) finally agreed on a new director general, Japanese Ambassador Yukiya Amano. The IAEA is a crucial body in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) regime that ensures that non nuclear weapon states do not use nuclear energy technology for weapons. Read more »

  • Getting to Zero: Lessons Learned from Chemical Weapon Regime
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 27, 2009

    A leading chemical weapon nonproliferation expert told a Washington crowd how lessons learned on the road to zero by the Chemical Weapon Convention regime could be applied to the nuclear nonproliferation regime. The Washington based Wilson Center hosted Ambassador Rogelio Pfirter June 16, Director-General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). Read more »

  • Time to Get Serious About De-Alerting
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 24, 2009

    We need to increase the warning time of our nuclear weapons to give the President more decision making time. About one thousands U.S. nuclear weapons are on day-to-day alert, ready to launch in minutes notice. U.S. nuclear strategy still revolves around a Russian threat, but Russia hates the idea of de-alerting our nuclear weapons. Read more »

  • France to Speak on Disarmament
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 18, 2009

    I know that a few people doubted the possibility I offered on the French position last week in a post. We will soon find out for sure what that position is. The French are sending a high level diplomat, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Bernard Kouchner, to address the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva June 23. Minister Kouchner will speak about the French position on disarmament. Read more »

  • Congress to Strengthen Nuclear Nonpro
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 11, 2009

    A bill passed the House of Representatives last night that would add 25 nonproliferation jobs to the State Department, along with a whole host of measures to strengthen U.S. arms control and nonproliferation policy. Read more »

  • CRS on CTBT
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 8, 2009

    Jonathan Medalia at the Congressional Research Service just put out a report on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Here is one key point he makes about Congress’ upcoming floor debate/bargain: Read more »

  • Indonesia to Support CTBT Ratification
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 8, 2009

    Indonesian Foreign Minister Wirajuda said June 8 in Washington at the Carnegie Endowment that Indonesia supported the indefinite extension of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1995, but “naturally we were dismayed” when nuclear weapon states did not ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). Read more »

  • Clarification of the French Position on Nukes
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 7, 2009

    In a former post I mentioned that France at the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) meeting in NYC this past May was “an interesting player” and had not supported the final document of the meeting. I was not implying that France is pushing back a nuclear weapon free world movement. Read more »

  • McCain for a World Free of Nuclear Weapons?
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 4, 2009

    Senate Republican, John McCain, embraces Obama’s vision, which he claims was actually Reagan’s vision, of a world free of nuclear weapons in a Senate floor speech June 3. He quoted President Ronald Reagan saying, “The only value in possessing nuclear weapons is to make sure they can't be used ever. I know I speak for people everywhere when I say our dream is to see the day when nuclear weapons will be banished from the face of the Earth.” Senator McCain said “that is my dream too.” Read more »

  • Most of Germany No Longer Wants U.S. Nukes
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 4, 2009

    Oliver Meier, the Arms Control Associations International Representative based in Germany, reflected on the German debate and the argument to keep U.S. nuclear weapons in Europe at the conference today. “All German political parties, except the conservative party, are in favor of withdrawing U.S. nuclear weapons from Europe now,” said Meier. Adding that, “the outcome of Germany’s elections will not fundamentally affect the Foreign Ministry’s position on this.” Read more »

  • A Little More on NPT RevCon 2010
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 3, 2009

    Dr. Rebecca Johnson, Director of the Acronym Institute, made an appearance today at the conference and commented on recent Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) action. With over 20 years of experience in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and international diplomacy, it is not surprising that she said a few very important things to say on the topic. Rebecca reflected on the NPT Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) meeting in New York May 4-15. It was the last meeting of state parties before the NPT 2010 review conference. Read more »

  • French Expert on Reducing the Nuclear Threat
    Posted by Jill Marie Parillo on June 3, 2009

    Today at the conference, we had an intervention by Camille Grand, Director of the Foundation pour la Recherche Strategic (a leading French Security thinktank). Camille Grand said that nations in the past accepted deep cuts and drastic down-sizing of their nuclear arsenals, because they believed their security situation was improving. In Asia, a region where the security situation is worsening, Grand pointed out that nuclear weapon arsenals are growing. This is one of the greatest challenges to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) regime at the moment. Read more »

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